Lake Anna, VA

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Lake Anna


Town(s): FAIRFAX VA, ALEXANDRIA VA, MANASSAS VA, MEADOWS OF DAN VA, KING GEORGE VA, ARLINGTON VA, ASHBURN VA, COVINGTON VA, BRAMBLETON VA, ROCKINGHAM VA, EARLYSVILLE VA, WARM SPRINGS VA, RUTHER GLEN VA, RESTON VA, RICHMOND VA, FREDERICKSBURG VA, SPOTSYLVANIA VA, UNIONVILLE VA, ORANGE VA, BEAVERDAM VA, BUMPASS VA, LOUISA VA, MINERAL VA
County:
Local Name: Lake Anna

Size: 13000 acres
Average Depth: 25 feet
Maximum Depth: 80 feet

Boating Allowed: Kayaks, Canoes, Sail Boats, Electric Motor Boats, Power Boats, Jet-skis, State & Local Rules & Regulations Apply, See Comments
Boating Comments: https://lakeanna.guide/article/boating-lake-anna/
Swimming: Swimming Allowed, No Restrictions

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Lake Anna is one of the largest freshwater inland reservoirs in Virginia, covering an area of 13,000 acres (53 km2), and located 72 miles (116 km) south of Washington, D.C. in Louisa and Spotsylvania counties (and partially in Orange County at the northern tips). The lake is easily accessible from Fredericksburg, Richmond, Charlottesville, Northern Virginia, and Washington, D.C. and is one of the most popular recreational lakes in the state.

The reservoir is formed by the North Anna Dam on the North Anna River at 38°00′47″N 77°42′46″W. In 1968, Virginia Electric and Power Company (now Dominion) purchased 18,000 acres (73 km2) of farmlands in three counties along the North Anna and Pamunkey rivers to provide clean, fresh water to cool the nuclear power generating plants at the North Anna Nuclear Generating Station adjacent to the lake. By 1972 the lake bottom was cleared of all timber and the dam was nearing completion. It was projected to take three years to completely fill the lake, but with the additional rainfall from Hurricane Agnes, the lake was full in only 18 months. The first communities broke ground at about that same time and now some 120 different communities dot the shores of the lake. In June 1978, the first of the two reactors went into commercial operation. The second unit followed in December 1980.

Lake Anna is approximately 17 miles (27 km) long from tip to tip, with 200 miles (320 km) of shoreline. The lake is divided into two sides: the public side (also known as the "cold" side) and the private side, working as a cooling pond (also known as the "hot" side). The public side is roughly 9,000 acres (36 km2), while the private side is roughly 4,000 acres (16 km2). The private side is formed of three main bodies of water, connected by navigable canals. The public and private sides are divided by three stone dikes. The private side has no marinas or public access ramps; only property owners and North Anna Power Station employees have access to the waters of the private side. The public side has several marinas and boat launches, including a boat ramp at the state park. The public side sees significantly higher boat traffic than the private side, especially on summer weekends.

Boat launch, marinas, campgrounds

Boating on Lake Anna

Vegetation Growth: Minimal
Non-native Species:

Fishing Comments: https://lakeanna.guide/article/fishing-lake-anna/
Fish Species: Largemouth Bass, Smallmouth Bass, Black Crappie, Striped Bass

Boat Access: Access for Power and Non-power Boats
Ramp Comments: http://www.lakeannavisitorcenter.com/lake-anna-fun-blog/the-best-lake-anna-parks-marinas-beaches-campgrounds
Parking Spaces: 21-40

Shoreline Development: 25-50%

Links: